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Friday, April 17, 2020 | History

2 edition of Detection of voids underneath concrete pavements using infrared thermography found in the catalog.

Detection of voids underneath concrete pavements using infrared thermography

Mark E. Bukowski

Detection of voids underneath concrete pavements using infrared thermography

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  • 7 Currently reading

Published by The Center, Available through the National Technical Information Service in [Austin], Springfield, Va .
Written in English

  • Pavements, Concrete -- Testing -- Thermographic methods.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby Mark E. Bukowski, Richard L. Tucker, and David W. Fowler ; conducted for State Department of Texas Highways and Public Transportation in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration by the Center for Transportation Research, Bureau of Engineering Research, the University of Texas at Austin.
    SeriesResearch report ;, no. 246-2, Research report (University of Texas at Austin. Center for Transportation Research) ;, no. 246-2.
    ContributionsTucker, Richard L., Fowler, David W., Texas. State Dept. of Highways and Public Transportation.
    LC ClassificationsTE278 .B85 1983
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxvi, 100 p. :
    Number of Pages100
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL3003562M
    LC Control Number84622853

    field Pavements. U.S. Air Force Weapons Labora­ Radar Detection of Voids Under Concrete Highways. Institute of Abridgment Transportation Research Record Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, tailed evaluation of the application of infrared thermography. Infrared thermography has become an indispensible tool in my profession, opening up profitable new business opportunities. Since I have opened my thermal imaging business, I can tell you that the single application of infrared that produces the most money for my company is moisture detection . reinforced concrete (RC) beam at early stage of failure. Both studies have been carried out successfully using Infrared (IR) thermography. The artificial blisters (air-voids) with controlled sizes, embedded between the interface of FRP and concrete, were detected by the IR thermography . ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS ON SUBSURFACE DEFECT DETECTION IN CONCRETE STRUCTURES USING INFRARED THERMOGRAPHY A Thesis presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School of the University of Missouri - Columbia In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Science By NAVEEN KUMAR BOLLENI Dr. Glenn Washer, Graduate Advisor.

    include stress wave (acoustic), infrared thermography, X-ray, and radar (microwave) techniques. Acoustic, infrared thermography, and radar techniques have recently been of particular interest to researchers for possible damage assessment of reinforced concrete and FRP-bonded con-crete structures in laboratory settings [9–16]. Fig. Size: 1MB.

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Detection of voids underneath concrete pavements using infrared thermography by Mark E. Bukowski Download PDF EPUB FB2

Figure 1: Pavement raveling and alligator (fatigue) cracking of pavement The objective of this study was to utilize an infrared camera to identify thermal segregation in asphalt pavements during construction Detection of voids underneath concrete pavements using infrared thermography book possible causes of the temperature differentials which affect compaction and lead to premature distress of the pavement.

Active infrared thermography for the detection of defects has been now used for many years for non-destructive control of materials such as metals, composites and so on, as described in the literature [3].

Its application to civil engineering materials like cement concrete, slightly porous and almost homogeneous was shown in [4]. (B1) Centroid of voids under paving block are identified (4 nos., 9 marks each) in radargram, and depth slice and summarized in a table: 36 Each falsely identified void (outside the black circle in Fig.

7) − 4 (B2) Centroid of voids under concrete pavement (2 nos., 9 marks each) in radargram and depth slice, and summarized in a table: 18Cited by: The same wetted cracks analyze with GPR were also evaluated with infrared thermography in order to simulate the results that an inspection after rain would produce.

Results show that, in contrast to results in dry conditions, the temperature difference between the crack and the unaffected area decreases with depth. This is given to the lower temperature of water in respect to the asphalt concrete (25 °C against 35 °C), that diminishes Cited by: When detecting defects in a structure using an IR thermal camera, the subsurface delaminations or voids in concrete exhibit a higher temperature than nearby sound areas because they interrupt the heat transfer through the concrete.

The high temperature in the defective area can only be detected when both the heat source and IR camera are placed on the same face of the by: 8. Active thermography methods enable structural investigations of reinforced concrete elements taking into account many different testing problems.

The goal of this review is to provide an overview on the state-of-the-art regarding the use of active infrared thermography (IRT) for detection and characterization of defects in reinforced by: Further, it can cover only a small area. Infrared Thermography (IRT), also referred to as thermal imaging, utilizes the infrared spectrum to show differences in heat dissipating from a structure.

an overview on the state-of-the-art regarding the use of active infrared thermography (IRT) for detection and characterization of defects in reinforced concrete. The paper will provide the physical background, equipment being used, as well as post-processing methods that are used to analyse sequences of Size: 8MB.

One of the best technology that is usually applied in monitoring, detecting and confirming possible underground and concrete water leaks is the use of infrared thermography. Infrared thermography. Thermal imaging also known as infrared thermography (IRT) is an infrared imaging technique which makes use of long infrared electromagnetic spectrum between 9, to 14, nanometers to detect.

Infrared thermography (IRT) has been used experimentally for concrete delamination detection. The past studies were conducted with limited experimental conditions, which make a difference in. Infrared thermography (IRT), an effective nondestructive testing method, is used to obtain an initial evaluation of the concrete pavement surface and near surface in a time effective manner.

In this paper, the effect of the depth of delamination inside concrete pavement on infrared thermography technique is studied for bridge decks : Yang Lu, Aidin J.

Golrokh, M.D. Aminul Islam. costs require an early detection of defects inside the pavement structure when they are still hidden under the surface.

Accordingly, alternative measurement techniques for the non-destructive testing (NDT) of pavement are currently under investigation [3,4]. In this context, NDT by active infrared thermography could be a complementary full.

internal voids, delaminations, and cracks in concrete structures such as bridge decks highway pavements parking garages, pipelines and other applications [4, 8, 9, 10]. ASTM D describes the use of infrared thermography for detecting delaminations Detection of voids underneath concrete pavements using infrared thermography book concrete bridge decks, with and without asphalt Size: 1MB.

done in Research Project'~etection of Voids Underneath Continu­ ously Reinforced Concrete Pavements." The report deals directly with the rehabilitation of concrete pavements by detecting where voids are located and thereby enabling the future repair of the voided areas.

John W. Birkhoff B. Frank McCullough. The purpose of this paper is to present a multi-sensor approach to the detection and inspection of steel bars in reinforced concrete structures. In connection with our past experience related to non-destructive testing of different materials, we propose using two potentially effective methods: active infrared thermography with microwave excitation and the eddy current by: Separate experiments were carried out using laboratory specimens to study the applications of infrared thermography to detect voids behind an apparently plain surface of concrete.

In the course of the two series of experiments, it was found that real time monitoring of concrete placing and detection of voids and joint, even behind plaster, are.

These guidelines have proven very successful in determining voids and weak or loose soils under pavements using the HWD [1]. Other void detection methodologies using the HWD have been attempted [2], but they either are more complex or do not appear as reliable.

VERIFICATION OF HWD PREDICTION METHODOLOGY. A.: Infrared thermography is a nondestructive testing technique that has proven to be accurate and efficient in locating voids, delaminations, and other defects in concrete structures. It's based on the principle that heat flows more slowly through voids and delaminations (air) than through solid concrete.

Recently, nondestructive testing and evaluation techniques, such as impact-echo [3–9], ground penetrating radar [10–17], and infrared thermography [18–23], have shown promise for the noninvasive evaluation of the damage accumulation in concrete bridge decks overlaid with asphalt concrete Cited by: 2.

An overview of the use of concrete and reinforced concrete in civil engineering infrastructures is given. A review of the main destructive and non-destructive testing methods in the field is presented, and an increase in the use of GPR to reinforced concrete structures is by: 1. concrete refer to the tests did when concrete was plastic or semifluid.

More complete and accurate characterization of the air void system can be made in “hardened” concrete using the microscopical analysis per ASTM C Because the hardened concrete sample is typically taken a minimum of 3Author: Chao Xiao.

The concept of working is simple. The method involves the conversion of infrared radiations that are emitted (by the body under observation) into thermal images or thermographs.

Thermography means writing with heat. Thermography and Infrared Camera. The data is obtained from the material observed based on the thermal radiation emitted by : Neenu Arjun.

Toward an Integrated Nondestructive Pavement Testing Management Information System Using Infrared Thermography GARY J. WEIL AND LONNIE E. HAEFNER This paper describes the theoretical basis and practical pro­ cedures for use of thermography in detection of pavement distress.

It also illustrates the field use of thermography with. The Styrofoam simulated voids were fabricated in three different sizes (thickness x length): cm x 41 cm (1 in. x 16 in.), cm x 41 cm ( in. x 16 in.), and cm x 20 cm ( in. x 8 in.). One simulated void was attached at the mid-length of each duct using plastic zip ties fastened through four drilled holes.

The ducts were then grouted. Void Detection. Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) is a high resolution geophysical method for investigating underground structure. GPR Concrete Inspection Cemetery Inventory Infrared Thermography UST Tank Locate Quote for Services Commercial Inspection GPR Concrete Inspection GPR Contact Us.

Wood Inspection Services Inc. Highview Drive. Concrete Pavement Service Condition Assessment Using using an infrared camera. Then the data can be used to verify the previous equation and eventually will help us realize the depth of the defects inside the specimen [13].

for infrared thermography for concrete bridge evaluation,” Author: Yang Lu, Aidin J. Golrokh, M.D. Aminul Islam. experimental investigations of a technique for void detec­ tion beneath concrete pavements. The technique is based upon use of infrared thermography and the hypothesis that the surface temperature of the pavement over the void is slightly different than the surface temperature of pavement in contact with the base material.

NON-DESTRUCTIVE IR-THERMOGRAPHY FOR DISTRESS DETECTION IN ASPHALT PAVEMENTS AND BRIDGE DECK SURFACINGS. This study presents first results and practical experiences with the new EMPA Mobile IR-measurement System (EMIR) which consists of an infrared-thermography camera with data acquisition system mounted on a vehicle.

Penetradar Technical Services Group also provides infrared thermographic inspection of pavements with a vehicle based system that utilizes an advanced, high resolution thermographic camera and incorporates leading-edge computer based video data acquisition and image processing hardware and software, which results in improved detection rates and accuracy in the location and size of deteriorated concrete.

Detection of Crack Growth in Asphalt Pavement Through Use of Infrared Imaging. The degree of crack growth in asphalt pavement is an important decision-making factor in road maintenance management.

Automatic crack detection is based mainly on digital images; this factor makes effective detection of the degree of crack growth by: 1. measurement of thickness profiles and the detection of voids, honeycombing, cracks, delaminations, and other damage in concrete bridge decks with asphalt overlays [].

Using an impacting device, such as a solenoid tapper, a stress wave pulse in the bridge deck is generated and the returning pulse is monitored with a piezoelectric transducer.

Concrete is certainly prone to internal deteriorations or defects during the construction and operating periods. Compared with other nondestructive techniques, infrared thermography can easily detect the subsurface delamination in a very short period of time, but accurately identifying its size and depth in concrete is a very challenging task.

Infrared thermography is a nondestructive testing technique that has proven to be both accurate and efficient in locating voids, delaminations, and other defects in concrete structures. It is based on the principle that heat flows slower through voids and delaminations (air) than through solid concrete.

Considerations and Issues in the Utilization of Infrared Thermography for Concrete Bridge Inspection at Normal Driving Speeds. Full Text HTML The main objective of this study is to comprehensively evaluate the utilization of infrared thermography (IRT) considering different technologies, critical environmental parameters, and uncertainties.

Identification of Cavities Underneath Concrete Pavement Based on Pavement Vibration: ZENG Meng-yuan 1,2, ZHAO Hong-duo 1,2, WU Di-fei 1,2, CHEN Hui 1,2, LING Jian-ming 1,2: 1.

Key Laboratory of Road and Traffic Engineering of the Ministry of Education, Tongji University, ShanghaiChina; 2. Surface crack detection by flash thermography on concrete surface F C Sham, Nelson Chen and Liu Long Cracking may impair the durability of concrete by allowing immigration of external aggressive agents; therefore, crack monitoring is always a vital part in building pathology.

This study proposes to apply short-duration pulsed thermography. Infrared Thermography (IRT) is a valuable and cost effective inspection method for evaluating bridge decks and pavements to detect delamination in concrete. Penetradar has improved upon current methods of infrared thermographic inspection and video imaging to accommodate the advances in camera technologies.

concrete pavements, and provides a wealth of data from a single measurement. Novel signal interpretation methods were developed for several important concrete applications. Detection of load-induced damage in a full-scale reinforced concrete column, as well as standard life-cycle damage inFile Size: 8MB.

A recently developed method of detecting delamination is infrared thermography. This method is based on the temperature difference between sound and delaminated concrete. A contract was negotiated with Donohue and Associates, Inc. of Sheboygan, Wisconsin, to survey 18 p.c.

concrete overlaid bridge decks in Iowa using the infrared thermography. IR thermography uses specialized cameras, much like camcorders, that are capable of capturing infrared radiation emitted by objects referred to as its "thermal condition." The most sophisticated cameras can actually measure up to 78, individual temperature points of any object, in addition to producing live digital imaging.

A void that causes ground subsidence over time can even cause the collapse of an entire building. Additionally, new construction on certain types of ground can literally change how the ground moves and lead to above-ground voids underneath new home floors, driveways, pavements and roads.This paper presents a NDT method by infrared thermography with a microwave excitation system applied to the detection of metallic parts: a metal ring behind a wooden plate of 1cm thick, a reinforcement bar in front of a concrete wall and the detection of reinforcement bars equally spaced in a concrete slab of cm thick.

The excitation device is.Infrared thermography technology is a non-destructive testing method to locate possible delamination and spalling of concrete through the monitoring of temperature variations on a concrete surface using a high-end infrared Size: 1MB.